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Click to read the article below and then answer the questions:

UK haulage industry forced to train army of homegrown drivers to cope with Brexit

  • Explain what is meant by a zero-hours contract?

  • With reference to the chart, calculate the percentage increase in the median hourly wage for HGV drivers from 2020 to 2023

  • Using a factor market diagram, analyse how excess demand for HGV drivers leads to an increase in the wage rate

  • Explain the knock-on effect of rising wages for HGV drivers for mechanics in the haulage industry

  • Identify the policies which have been introduced by the government in response to the acute driver shortage

  • Identify the factors which mean that the haulage industry is no longer racing to keep up with demand

Gavin Clarke, Emmanuel College

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